WordPress is made of 3 main parts:
Generally speaking, WordPress gets its popularity because just those 3 main parts make it very easy to set up any website you can think of relatively easily without having to code everything yourself.
With the theme you can customize how your website looks and feels, with plugins you can add in more functionality and customizations otherwise not available in your theme, and finally the WordPress core is the framework that themes and plugins are built on.
When a developer is making a WordPress website. sometimes the theme or plugins don’t quite offer exactly what they’re looking for. In situations like these, they usually take it into their own hands and code in what’s needed.
Its moments where developers build upon plugins and themes that really do make WordPress have limitless possibilities, but without the coding knowledge you are limited by the themes and plugins offered to you,
When a good WordPress developer is trying to add more functionality to the website, they try to do it with as little additional plugins as possible.
The more plugins you install the more maintenance, security vulnerabilities, ways for something to go wrong, and speed drops your website will have. So a developer tries to keep them to a minimum to make a better performing and easy to maintain website.
When you add up these negative repercussions of having a bunch of plugins installed, your website ends up becoming a nightmare to work on. Any one plugin can break during an update and cause a reaction that affects the whole website, sometimes even taking it down completely. Some plugins can even conflict with each other and cause the WordPress backend to break and become unusable.
As a web developer myself, I have worked on websites that have this issue. I’ve had to make changes to a website with 46 plugins active and installed. And sure enough, nightmare. Random things would just stop working in the backend like the pages search bar, or the collapse buttons for page options.
Big websites like Amazon.com, Walmart.com, or even Ikea.com would be nightmares if made on WordPress because of the amount of functionality those sites have.
The websites would be:
So if the website your building has that much functionality and moving parts, it can really push WordPress to its limits.
Security is something I was debating to label as a limitation of WordPress, as the common consensus about it is wrong.
When comparing the security of a WordPress website vs a hand-coded HTML website, the hand-coded website will always win simply because the WordPress has a login system and the hand-coded one doesn’t.
However this doesn’t mean WordPress is necessarily insecure, because it is very secure. WordPress gets a bad reputation of being insecure because you’ll hear things like “X number of WordPress sites hacked in X year” when in reality, 99% of hacks are due to 1) Outdated plugins or 2) Bad/weak account logins.
The limitation comes in with cause #1, the plugins. Because of this, it would infer the bigger the WordPress website – the more risk it has to be hacked, Which is true.
It is also true that if your website is WordPress, you don’t HAVE to do every piece of functionality with plugins – but if not, why use wordpress in the first place? Plugins are ½ of the use of WordPress!
Another limitation of WordPress is that mostly everything is in PHP. If you want to make a plugin, PHP. If you want to make a theme, PHP. If you want to edit the WordPress core, PHP.
A Lot of other popular websites utilize alot more programming languages for making websites like:
WordPress is big. WordPress 5.5.1 is 47.7 MB in size, and the core itself is 30.8 MB alone. With all those files, comes loading. With all that loading, comes a slower website.
A WordPress website can easily get excellent speed results speed tools like Googles Speed Insights Tool, but a static HTML website can and is more likely to be faster.
Additionally, those files all add up in server space as well. From my experience with web development, the average WordPress site is 0.5 GB – 3 GB in size, which can be more than your hosting allows.
Contrary to what this post suggests, WordPress isn’t really limited in any way. WordPress is a framework built on programming languages that can be used to make anything you want, so you can theoretically do anything your programming skills allow.
However, if you cherry-pick and highlight some flaws of WordPress, one could call them limitations in certain scenarios.